Article 6321

Title of the article

The Soviet press as a source of growth the collective farm peasantry labor activity during the Great Patriotic War (by the materials of the Penza region) 

Authors

Dmitriy A. Mitronin, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: mitronin94@mail.ru 

Index UDK

908 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2021-3-6 

Abstract

Background. No doubt, the media has a huge impact on people’s behavior and attitudes toward something. That’s why it is relevant to study the activities of the Soviet media in 1941–1945 the main purpose of which was to raise the moral and patriotic spirit of the citizens. The purpose of the article is to describe the content of the work of print media aimed at increasing the activity of the collective farm peasantry in the conditions of the Great Patriotic War based on documentary sources. Materials and methods. This study is based on systems analysis of the Penza regional newspaper “Stalinskoye znamya” publications and archival materials of Penza Regional Committee of the CPSU. Results. The content of the newspaper publications’ number targeted at rural workers and their propaganda component are investigated. The main requirements of the state and party leadership regarding the direction and order of using print media are established. Conclusions. The USSR leadership considered a newspaper article as one of the most important sources of raising the labor spirit of collective farm workers. Therefore the USSR leadership tried to establish a coordinated and focused work of the provincial press. The newspaper article didn’t just inform but it also propagandized and proved, instructed and advised, and often criticized and intimidated. 

Key words

the Great Patriotic War, soviet rear, soviet peasantry, media, periodicals, propaganda work 

 

 Download PDF

References

1. Sukhova O.A. (ed.). Penzenskiy kray v istorii i kul'ture Rossii: monografiya = Penza region in the history and culture of Russia: monograph. Penza: Izd-vo PGU, 2014:526. (In Russ.)
2. Stalin I. O Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyne Sovetskogo Soyuza: sbornik = To the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union: collection. 5th ed. Moscow: OGIZ. Gosudarstvennoe izd-vo politicheskoy literatury, 1947:206. (In Russ.)
3. Pamyatka sel'skogo agitatora na uborke urozhaya = Memo of a rural agitator at harvesting. Penza: Izdanie gazety «Stalinskoe znamya», 1942:41. (In Russ.)
4. Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M., Izyumova L.V. Povinnosti rossiyskogo krest'yanstva v 1930–1960-kh godakh = Obligations of the Russian peasantry in the 1930–1960s. Vologda: Vologodskiy NKTs TsEMI RAN, 2001:141. (In Russ.)
5. Fitspatrik Sh. Stalinskie krest'yane. Sotsial'naya istoriya Sovetskoy Rossii v 30-e gody: derevnya = Stalinist peasants. Social history of Soviet Russia in the 30s: the village. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2001:422. (In Russ.)
6. Nad'kin T.D. Stalinskaya agrarnaya politika i krest'yanstvo Mordovii = Stalinist agrarian policy and the peasantry of Mordovia. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2010:311. (In Russ.)
7. Vazhneyshie resheniya po sel'skomu khozyaystvu za 1938–1940 gody: sbornik = The most important decisions in agriculture for 1938–1940: collection. Moscow: Sel'khozgiz, 1940:448. (In Russ.)
8. Approximate charter of an agricultural artel. Sovetskaya Sibir' = Soviet Siberia. 1935, Febr. 20:1–2. (In Russ.)
9. Kondrashin V.V. Peasantry and agriculture of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN = Bulletin of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2005;(2):289–300. (In Russ.)
10. Alekseeva L.V. Krest'yanskaya strada v 1418 dney: sel'skoe khozyaystvo Yugry v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny: monografiya = Peasant harvest in 1418 days: agriculture of Ugra during the Great Patriotic War: monograph. Nizhnevartovsk: Izd-vo Nizhnevartovskogo gumanitarnogo un-ta, 2012:355. (In Russ.)
11. Vyltsan M.A. Krest'yanstvo Rossii v gody bol'shoy voyny 1941–1945. Pirrova pobeda = The peasantry of Russia during the Great War of 1941–1945. Pyrrhic victory. Moscow: RNF, 1995:79. (In Russ.)
12. Bondarev V.A. Selyane v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny: Rossiyskoe krest'-yanstvo v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny (na materialakh Rostovskoy oblasti, Krasnodarskogo i Stavropol'skogo kraev) = Villagers during the Great Patriotic War: Russian peasantry during the Great Patriotic War (by the materials Rostov, Krasnodar and Stavropol regions). Rostov-on-Don: Izd-vo SKNTs VSh, 2005:192. (In Russ.)
13. Koroleva L.A. Some aspects of providing food to the population of the Pen’-female region during the Great Patriotic War. Penzenskoe kraevedenie = Penza regional studies. 2020;(1-2):9–14. (In Russ.)
14. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Penzenskoy oblasti (GAPO). F. 148. Op. 1. D. 962 = The State Archive of Penza region. Fund 148. Item 1. File 962. (In Russ.)
15. Myasnikov G.V. (ed.). Penzenskaya oblast' v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny = Penza region during the Great Patriotic War. Saratov: Privolzhskoe knizhnoe izd-vo (Penzenskoe otdelenie), 1985:192. (In Russ.)
16. GAPO. F. 148. Op. 1. D. 640 = The State Archive of Penza region. Fund 148. Item 1. File 640. (In Russ.)
17. GAPO. F. 148. Op. 1. D. 662 = The State Archive of Penza region. Fund 148. Item 1. File 662. (In Russ.)
18. GAPO. F. 148. Op. 1. D. 801 = The State Archive of Penza region. Fund 148. Item 1. File 801. (In Russ.)
19. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Jul. 1. (In Russ.)
20. Erenburg I.G. Sobranie sochineniy: v 8 t. T. 5. Padenie Parizha: roman; Voyna. 1941–1945: stat'i = Collected works: in 8 volumes. Volume 5. The Fall of Paris: a novel; War. 1941–1945: articles. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya literatura, 1996:703. (In Russ.)
21. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Jul. 24. (In Russ.)
22. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Nov. 14. (In Russ.)
23. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Nov. 18. (In Russ.)
24. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Dec. 16. (In Russ.)
25. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1944, Sept. 19. (In Russ.)
26. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Aug. 29. (In Russ.)
27. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1944, Oct. 3. (In Russ.)
28. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1944, Nov. 3. (In Russ.)
29. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Jul. 2. (In Russ.)
30. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Aug. 31. (In Russ.)
31. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1941, Aug. 10. (In Russ.)
32. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1944, Oct. 15. (In Russ.)
33. Stalinskoe znamya = Stalinskoye znamya. 1944, Sept. 29. (In Russ.) 

 

Дата создания: 06.10.2021 13:55
Дата обновления: 06.10.2021 15:17